Dracaena Marginata – Dragon Tree | How to Grow and Care

Dracaena marginata, also known as the Dragon Tree Plant, is a large indoor plant that is common and native to Madagascar. These may grow up to 20 feet tall. It would help if you pruned it to give a shape and keep it indoors. It is a striking evergreen plant that belongs to the Asparagaceae family. Its slender, arching stems and sword-shaped leaves adorned with striking red edges add a touch of elegance to any indoor or outdoor space. It is well known for its air-purifying properties worldwide.

Dracaena Marginata Dragon Tree Plant

Facts about Dracaena marginata – Dragon Plant

PlantMadagascar Dragon Tree Plant
Botanical NameDracaena marginata
Plant Dimensions10-20 feet tall, 8-10 feet wide
Soil RequirementsNeutral to Acidic and Well-drained loamy
Bloom colorWhite (rarely bloom)
Life span15-100 years

Growing of Dracaena marginata (Dragon Tree)

It can be grown by two ways;

From Seed

  1. Soak seeds in water at room temperature in spring
  2. After one day, place moist seeds in potting mix and cover them
  3. Cover pot, making it a small greenhouse for 5-7 weeks
  4. The seed will germinate; you can put these in new bigger pots as per the size of the plant.

From Cuttings

  1. Select a healthy plant for cuttings in late spring
  2. Get a cutting with a couple of leaves
  3. Insert the lower end of the cutting in soil (2-3 inches)
  4. Cover it with a plastic bag, making it a mini greenhouse.
  5. Place the pot in a shady area
  6. The roots will emerge in 2-3 weeks

Dragon Tree Care


Always place your potted Dracaena Marginata in a bright, indirect light location to ensure optimal growth. While it can tolerate low light conditions, it thrives in moderate to bright light settings.


Apply less water, but frequent application is recommended. Water your Dragon Tree when the top two inches of soil feel dry. Avoid overwatering the pot, as this can lead to root rot. Allow the soil to drain properly after watering to prevent waterlogged conditions.


It grows well in a well-draining potting mix rich in organic matter, which provides the ideal growing environment for your Dracaena Marginata. Mix loamy soil with peat moss to make it perfect for the plants.


Maintain a consistent temperature range of 65-80°F (18-27°C) for optimal growth. All this is possible by placing the potted Madagascar Dracaena Marginata in indirect light. Avoid exposing the plant to sudden temperature fluctuations or drought like Philodendron micans.


Feed your Dragon Tree Plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring and summer). On days when there is no active growth, there is usually less need for fertilizer. Reduce fertilization frequency during fall and winter months.


Prune dead or yellowing leaves to maintain the plant’s appearance and encourage new growth. Use clean, sharp pruning shears to make precise cuts. To avoid the transfer of fungal diseases, sterilize all pruning tools, rinse them in clean water, and dry them.

Potting and Repotting

At the start, you can put the Dragon Plant in a small pot for easy handling and shifting. However, report your Dracaena Plant every 2-3 years or when it outgrows its current container. Choose a slightly larger pot with adequate drainage holes and a fresh potting mixture for better establishment.

Common Problems

Look for common issues such as leaf yellowing – which indicates overwatering, and brown tips – which result from underwatering or low humidity. Treat pest infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Common pests are scale insects, bugs, mites, and spiders. See the following table for problems and their root causes;

Common Troubleshooting ReasonSolution
Leaf FallingOverwateringScheduled watering
Yellowing of Leaves with spotsOverwateringScheduled watering
Droopy LeavesLack of proper water and water schedulingScheduled irrigation
Browning of leavesLack of humidityWater filled dish with pebbles
Crispy LeavesToo much direct sunlightKeep in indirect light


No, Dracaena Marginata, or Dragon Tree Plants, are not trees. They are tropical plants that can grow tall but are not classified as trees.

Water your Dracaena Marginata when the top inch of soil feels dry. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings to prevent overwatering.

To clean scale insects from your Dragon Tree Plant, gently wipe the affected leaves with a damp cloth or cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol. Repeat as needed until the pests are removed.

To control the growth of your Dracaena Marginata, prune the stems as needed to maintain the desired shape and size. Regular pruning also encourages bushier growth.

Its exudates and resins are red. This resin is used to make tricolor for the woods.

USDA zones 10, 11, and 12 support dragon tree plantation. They can be successfully grown there.

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